ALVIN, Texas — Alvin Independent School District (ISD), just south of Houston, converted its school bus fleet to propane autogas following the energy crisis of the 1970s.
Fuel access and pricing were starting to hinder the district’s transportation department, and after researching alternative fuels, the district switched to propane autogas in 1982. Thirty-one years later, Alvin ISD operates more than 100 propane autogas school buses that travel a total of nearly 1 million miles each year.
Today, more than half of Alvin ISD’s buses run on propane autogas, including 70 dedicated propane Blue Bird Vision Type C buses and 36 converted gasoline buses. The remaining fleet is made up of 80 diesel-fueled buses.
According to Juan Mejias, Alvin ISD’s fleet maintenance manager, drivers have developed a preference for the propane autogas buses, and the district relies on them for their power and ease in maintenance.
“Our bus drivers love the acceleration with propane autogas,” Mejias said. “When we take the buses out of rotation for routine maintenance and drivers use the spare diesel buses, they come back and ask us how soon they can get their propane bus back. The drivers don’t have the same hesitation accelerating and merging in traffic like they do with the diesel buses. The performance is that good.”
After three decades with propane autogas, the district has witnessed noticeable improvements in engine technology over the years. New Blue Bird Vision buses are equipped with clean-burning ROUSH CleanTech liquid propane autogas fuel systems, and Mejias reports that they are simpler and easier to service.
“The overall cost and maintenance is the best,” Mejias said. “It’s very easy for me to get a mechanic over and get work done in a very short period of time on our propane autogas-fueled buses. With our diesel buses, there are more filters to change, more components to look at.”
On average, Alvin ISD retires its buses every 13 to 14 years, with each propane autogas bus running approximately 270,000 to 280,000 miles during its lifetime. When maintenance costs such as routine oil changes are calculated over the lifetime of the bus, savings with propane autogas versus conventional fuels compounds quickly.
“We’ve experienced extended oil changes to every 10,000 miles with propane compared to 6,000 or 7,000 miles with diesel,” Mejias said. “That’s a big savings over time.”
Savings in maintenance and oil changes alone can add up quickly with a large bus fleet like Alvin ISD’s. When the district adds its low fuel cost into the calculation, Alvin ISD reportedly doubles its total savings with propane autogas.
“We’ve been using propane autogas for decades, and we have always seen substantial cost savings, even without the federal rebate,” Mejias said. On average, Alvin ISD pays 55 to 60 cents per gallon for propane autogas after applying the federal alternative fuel excise tax, which saves fleets 50 cents per gallon for using alternative fuels such as propane autogas.
In a head-to-head comparison between 56 of the district’s propane autogas buses and 56 diesel buses, propane autogas cost the district 37 cents less per mile to operate than the diesel-fueled buses, before the 50-cent tax credit. Additionally, the fleet of propane autogas-fueled buses traveled nearly 500,000 more miles than the diesel buses for the same fuel cost.
New propane autogas infrastructure has saved Alvin ISD time and money.
The district recently used an $80,000 grant to upgrade to a higher volume pump and dispenser to service its growing propane autogas bus fleet. Alvin ISD currently operates an 18,000-gallon tank with three dual dispensers, allowing six buses to be fueled at the same time.
“The new pumps allowed us to refuel more buses at once and practically cut refueling time in half,” Mejias said.
Additionally, Mejias credits the service of the district’s propane retailers with providing reliable 24/7 service for the district, eliminating supply issues of previous decades.
“They [propane retailers] go out of their way to make sure they deliver our fuel on time,” Mejias said. “Even if it’s at midnight or 4 in the morning, they’ll make sure we have the fuel we need to get the job done.”
While Alvin ISD has seen many long-term financial benefits of fueling with propane autogas, the district’s alternative fuel buses also help to meet environmental standards in Texas.
Propane autogas buses burn cleaner than conventional fuels and are exempt from state idling restrictions and emissions testing. Alvin ISD’s fleet also meets all Texas Clean School Bus Program requirements set by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.
“With propane, the buses run clean, so there’s really no emission component when it comes to meeting state standards,” Mejias said. “We haven’t had to worry about any issues.”
According to the Propane Education & Research Council, propane autogas-fueled buses emit 40% less smog-forming hydrocarbon emissions than gasoline and 80% less than older diesel engines.
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