ST. LOUIS — Last month, Parkway School District bus drivers were armed with tools they will hopefully never have to use, as they trained for the first time on how to deal with an active shooter inside or near a school bus.
Will Rosa, director of transportation at Parkway School District, told SBF that the active shooter training seminar was conducted by Gary Moore, a retired Missouri Highway Patrol Trooper, who works as a safety coordinator for the Missouri Center for Education Safety. Moore has also collaborated with the Missouri Association for Pupil Transportation on safety videos.
Last year, the district also held a presentation by Gray Ram Tactical, which more generally covered de-escalation of violence on school buses, Rosa explained. This year, Parkway decided to hold active shooter training because Missouri recently mandated intruder drills in its schools. In response, Parkway teachers and administrators have been trained by the St. Louis County SWAT team.
“It’s a new approach to our alert drills, which encompasses what the district calls 'intruder training,'” Rosa explained. “What do you do if you’re a teacher in a classroom? The old thinking [was], run and hide under a desk. We’ve advanced our thinking [now], with all the things that have happened. It’s more options-based now: maybe you do that, or lock the door, or run.”
The training took place on Aug. 26 and started with Moore reviewing the details of the tragic incident last year in Alabama, in which a man shot and killed school bus driver Charles Poland, then took a boy from the bus and held him hostage in a bunker for six days. Moore talked about how the bus driver was groomed (the shooter befriended Poland through striking up conversations with him, offering him vegetables from his garden, and clearing his driveway so that Poland could use it to turn the bus around on his route), Rosa said. He also went over the 911 call, and stressed that drivers should “understand it does happen and this one did end badly,” Rosa added.
Main take-aways from Moore’s seminar covered what he calls “JDLRs:” things that “Just Don’t Look Right,” in other words, being aware of one’s surroundings, according to Rosa. For example, drivers should take note if they spot someone they have never seen before standing at a bus stop. Additionally, Moore stressed never opening the bus door to a stranger. “In Alabama, I believe [the shooter] got on the bus instead of the driver waving him around to his window,” Rosa said.
Moore also covered communication and verbal deflection techniques that may prevent a shooting, such as showing the attacker you are listening and empathizing with them by paraphrasing their demands; talking at a lower volume and slower speed to calm a situation; and avoid using phrases such as, “You wouldn’t understand” or “what’s your problem?” which may sound antagonistic. Last resort self-defense tactics to incapacitate an attacker even temporarily, providing a chance to disarm them, included gouging the eyes or striking the throat or groin.
One week after the seminar, Rosa held a presentation in which he summarized the main points of the seminar and used shooting scenarios in bus safety training videos put out by the Indiana State Police and the Indiana Department of Education to generate discussion and help drivers apply what they learned.
Because this type of incident rarely occurs and is difficult to think about, it’s the hardest type of training to do, Rosa said.
“When the shooting [in Alabama] happened, I think we were all uncomfortable talking about it because it would scare drivers. It’s not like you’re in a school and can go into a classroom or the staff area where you can lock the door and hide. There’s nowhere to go on a bus. It’s scary when you think about it.”
However, as Rosa solicited feedback on the seminar from drivers, many told him they feel better after the training.
“Maybe just talking about it was enough [to help them] feel like they have some tools. Hopefully they’ll never have to use them. We’re trying to empower drivers to feel confident that they can handle these situations,” he said.
Other news related to active shooter training:
• School bus drivers train to take on active shooters