WASHINGTON, D.C. — The National Transportation Safety Board’s (NTSB’s) updated “Most Wanted List” of safety improvements for 2017-18 includes multiple issues that are applicable to pupil transportation.
Some of the targeted issues apply broadly to operators of all types of vehicles, such as distracted driving.
“To reduce crashes, injuries, and deaths, drivers must completely disconnect from an increasing variety of deadly distractions,” the NTSB wrote in its Most Wanted report. “Every auxiliary task impairs our ability to process the primary task at hand.”
Driver fatigue is another issue on the Most Wanted list.
“Trucks, buses, and cars are machines that require complex human interaction and an operator’s complete attention and proficient skill,” NTSB wrote. “All too often, however, drivers, maintenance personnel, and other individuals performing safety-critical functions are impaired by fatigue stemming from insufficient or poor-quality sleep.”
On that subject, a new study by the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety found that crash risks increase for drivers who get less than seven hours of sleep.
Another of NTSB's Most Wanted topics that is relevant to pupil transportation is occupant protection.
“Some of our recent investigations have … highlighted the importance of proper seat belt use and readily accessible and identifiable evacuation routes on larger passenger vehicles, such as school buses, motor coaches, and other commercial vehicles,” NTSB wrote.
One of the agency’s recent investigations covered a 2014 school bus crash in Anaheim, California, in which the driver lost consciousness and the bus ran off of the road. The bus was equipped with three-point seat belts, and NTSB found that “reducing the severity of passenger injuries in the area of maximum intrusion was the proper use of the available lap/shoulder belts by the student passengers seated in this area.”
In announcing the 2017-18 Most Wanted List in November, NTSB Chairman Christopher Hart cited statistics from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration showing that traffic fatalities increased by 7.2% from 2014 to 2015. Also, early estimates show a 10.4% increase in motor vehicle deaths for the first half of 2016 versus the first half of 2015.
“Before this turn for the worse, the highway safety community’s progress looked good, with fatalities generally declining for decades,” Hart said. “This setback is a reminder that safety is not a destination, but a continuing journey, and our efforts to improve safety must never stop.”
Here is NTSB’s full Most Wanted List of transportation safety improvements for 2017-18:
• Eliminate distractions
• Reduce fatigue-related accidents
• Prevent loss of control in flight in general aviation
• Improve rail transit safety oversight
• End alcohol and other drug impairment in transportation
• Increase implementation of collision avoidance technologies
• Expand recorder use to enhance safety
• Require medical fitness
• Strengthen occupant protection
• Ensure the safe shipment of hazardous materials
For more details on specific topics, go to the Most Wanted List section of the NTSB website.