Fuel access and pricing were starting to hinder the district’s transportation department, and after researching alternative fuels, the district switched to propane autogas in 1982. Thirty-one years later, Alvin ISD operates more than 100 propane autogas school buses that travel a total of nearly 1 million miles each year.
Today, more than half of Alvin ISD’s buses run on propane autogas, including 70 dedicated propane Blue Bird Vision Type C buses and 36 converted gasoline buses. The remaining fleet is made up of 80 diesel-fueled buses.
According to Juan Mejias, Alvin ISD’s fleet maintenance manager, drivers have developed a preference for the propane autogas buses, and the district relies on them for their power and ease in maintenance.
“Our bus drivers love the acceleration with propane autogas,” Mejias said. “When we take the buses out of rotation for routine maintenance and drivers use the spare diesel buses, they come back and ask us how soon they can get their propane bus back. The drivers don’t have the same hesitation accelerating and merging in traffic like they do with the diesel buses. The performance is that good.”
After three decades with propane autogas, the district has witnessed noticeable improvements in engine technology over the years. New Blue Bird Vision buses are equipped with clean-burning ROUSH CleanTech liquid propane autogas fuel systems, and Mejias reports that they are simpler and easier to service.
“The overall cost and maintenance is the best,” Mejias said. “It’s very easy for me to get a mechanic over and get work done in a very short period of time on our propane autogas-fueled buses. With our diesel buses, there are more filters to change, more components to look at.”
On average, Alvin ISD retires its buses every 13 to 14 years, with each propane autogas bus running approximately 270,000 to 280,000 miles during its lifetime. When maintenance costs such as routine oil changes are calculated over the lifetime of the bus, savings with propane autogas versus conventional fuels compounds quickly.
“We’ve experienced extended oil changes to every 10,000 miles with propane compared to 6,000 or 7,000 miles with diesel,” Mejias said. “That’s a big savings over time.”
Savings in maintenance and oil changes alone can add up quickly with a large bus fleet like Alvin ISD’s. When the district adds its low fuel cost into the calculation, Alvin ISD reportedly doubles its total savings with propane autogas.
“We’ve been using propane autogas for decades, and we have always seen substantial cost savings, even without the federal rebate,” Mejias said. On average, Alvin ISD pays 55 to 60 cents per gallon for propane autogas after applying the federal alternative fuel excise tax, which saves fleets 50 cents per gallon for using alternative fuels such as propane autogas.
In a head-to-head comparison between 56 of the district’s propane autogas buses and 56 diesel buses, propane autogas cost the district 37 cents less per mile to operate than the diesel-fueled buses, before the 50-cent tax credit. Additionally, the fleet of propane autogas-fueled buses traveled nearly 500,000 more miles than the diesel buses for the same fuel cost.
New propane autogas infrastructure has saved Alvin ISD time and money.
The district recently used an $80,000 grant to upgrade to a higher volume pump and dispenser to service its growing propane autogas bus fleet. Alvin ISD currently operates an 18,000-gallon tank with three dual dispensers, allowing six buses to be fueled at the same time.
“The new pumps allowed us to refuel more buses at once and practically cut refueling time in half,” Mejias said.
Additionally, Mejias credits the service of the district’s propane retailers with providing reliable 24/7 service for the district, eliminating supply issues of previous decades.
“They [propane retailers] go out of their way to make sure they deliver our fuel on time,” Mejias said. “Even if it’s at midnight or 4 in the morning, they’ll make sure we have the fuel we need to get the job done.”
While Alvin ISD has seen many long-term financial benefits of fueling with propane autogas, the district’s alternative fuel buses also help to meet environmental standards in Texas.
Propane autogas buses burn cleaner than conventional fuels and are exempt from state idling restrictions and emissions testing. Alvin ISD’s fleet also meets all Texas Clean School Bus Program requirements set by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.
“With propane, the buses run clean, so there’s really no emission component when it comes to meeting state standards,” Mejias said. “We haven’t had to worry about any issues.”
According to the Propane Education & Research Council, propane autogas-fueled buses emit 40% less smog-forming hydrocarbon emissions than gasoline and 80% less than older diesel engines.
Other recent news on propane buses in Texas:
The 29 new electric school buses, provided in part by a grant from the California Air Resources Board, will serve students in the Sacramento area.
North Kansas City Schools is reportedly the first school district to win the ACT Expo’s Transit and Mobility award for sustainable transportation.
Newport News Public Schools acquires 24 Blue Bird Vision Propane school buses.
Lee’s Summit’s purchase of Thomas Built C2 CNG buses continues the district’s conversion of its fleet to compressed natural gas.
Congress’ new appropriations bill for fiscal year 2017 includes $60 million for EPA’s clean diesel grant program.
GreenPower Motor Co.’s Synapse 72 is approved by the California Air Resources Board for the Hybrid and Zero-Emission Truck and Bus Voucher Incentive Project for up to $110,000 for each one sold in the state.
The E-Control platform is designed to provide centralized control of all the thermal management components aboard a bus.
Planning for the 17th National Congress on School Transportation is now in the works, with committee members being re-established and selected through this summer.
The IC Bus event was about embracing change and thinking big. Thinking big is hard sometimes, and change of any kind is stressful.
Fuel choices, school reform, and the ongoing driver shortage are hot topics at School Bus eXchange 2017.
The gasoline-powered Type C school bus, which uses a Ford 6.8L V10 engine, is now certified to the federal standard of 0.20 g/bhp-hr for NOx emissions.
The two-day workshop will cover maintenance of the Roush CleanTech propane autogas fuel system on Blue Bird Vision school buses.
The Georgia district’s purchase of 25 gasoline school buses, addition of bus bays, and ongoing internship and inspection training programs have also benefited drivers and students.
The 5600 Timer Box is designed to provide flexible, efficient switching of LED lights in a compact unit.