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August 01, 2007  |   Comments (0)   |   Post a comment

Defensive Driving Requires Attention to Detail

An increase in the frequency of minor accidents should be closely scrutinized. Transportation managers need to double-check their training programs and procedures to ensure proper emphasis on defensive driving.

by Michael Dallessandro

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All of us who work in pupil transportation or who manage professional drivers with a fleet of vehicles have taken notice of two very tragic news stories.

The school bus crash in Huntsville, Ala., last November that resulted in the deaths of four teenagers rattled the industry for several months. Adding to the calamity, a motorcoach plunged over the side of a freeway outside Atlanta in early March, leaving six people dead, including four college baseball players, the bus driver and his wife.

These incidents have caused me to again check and double-check our district’s accident-prevention policies and training procedures.

Although we have not been involved in a horrific bus crash with the kind of injuries and fatalities suffered in Huntsville and Atlanta, I have started to take note of a growing pile of driver reports of minor scrapes, dents, fender benders or broken mirrors.

Some would say that these are the battle scars that come from mile after mile of commercial driving or the result of tight parking spaces and, in certain parts of the country, reduced yard parking. But the more cautious people in professional driving circles are quick to send up the red flag and say that these minor incidents are an urgent notice that a much larger accident or incident could be just around the corner or a few miles down the road.

Dents, scrapes or broken mirrors are often a sign that drivers are in too much of a hurry or are failing to check and then double-check the area around their vehicles. If you are noticing this concern in your fleet, here are a few talking points to use as a “teaching moment” at your transportation center.

Focus on the task
One of the areas most transportation directors have concerns about is that drivers are not truly focusing on the task of driving. There are many distractions out there, especially in the terminal or garage area. In about 75 percent of incidents where there was actual vehicle damage done, drivers were found to be inattentive within three seconds of the accident.

One of the most common statements you hear when speaking with drivers following incidents is, “I never even saw it.” The bottom line is, if you are not looking for hazards, you will not see the hazard until you run into it. Pay attention to the task of driving at all times. Do not worry about who is at the fuel depot before you, who is leaving for a trip or who can give you a ride home after work.

Often, drivers let their guard down as they enter the garage parking lot because in their mind the route has been completed successfully and it is time to go home. Don’t revel in your success until the bus is parked and you have done your post-trip inspection.

Prepare for the unexpected
Many professional drivers have never had to make an unexpected correction or sudden emergency stop in their entire driving career. With that said, drivers will not rise to the occasion simply because they have some years of experience under their belt. If they have not done any preparation for accident avoidance or emergency stopping, they will simply default to their skill level in this area, which could be none.

Drivers must have a clear understanding about the type of vehicle they are driving and how it handles and stops. Your training program must include instruction on the braking systems in your buses, either traditional or ABS, and training in how to use the system. Drivers should step firmly on the brakes of their vehicle in a safe area or terminal lot at about 20 mph to see exactly how the vehicle behaves. This won’t hurt the vehicle but could prevent somebody from getting hurt by your bus on the road. Of course, make sure there are no students or passengers on the bus during this procedure.

Aim high with your eyes
Getting the big picture remains an issue for drivers of all types of vehicle. Drivers are not scanning the areas left and right, near and far around their vehicles. By simply looking around your vehicle, you can reduce your chances of being involved in an accident.

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