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July 17, 2012  |   Comments (2)   |   Post a comment

Is your school district prepared for super-fog?

Super-fog is a combination of smoke and early morning water vapor that produces zero visibility over roadways. When it impacts a Florida operation, buses are convoyed out of the terminals until they reach a clear area, and a “pre-warning” procedure is developed.

by Nicole Miller


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In January, super-fog rolled in over Volusia County Schools’ bus compound in DeLand, Fla.,  for two days, creating zero visibility for employees.  They reportedly could not even see their hands in front of their faces.

In January, super-fog rolled in over Volusia County Schools’ bus compound in DeLand, Fla.,  for two days, creating zero visibility for employees.  They reportedly could not even see their hands in front of their faces.

Wildfires in Florida occur at all times of the year. From Jan. 1 to 29, 2012, the Florida Forest Service reported 402 wildfires in the state. Combine smoke from the wildfires and early morning water vapor and “super-fog” is created, which produces zero visibility over roadways.

On Jan. 25, in DeLand, Fla., Volusia County Schools’ student transportation services began just like any other morning. At 5 a.m., technicians began to open the garage, bus operators and attendants were proceeding with the pre-trip inspection of their school buses, and dispatch was preparing for the morning shift as the lead driver trainer prepared the morning coverage. But when 5:30 came, employees saw super-fog moving in over the parked school buses across the compound, and in a matter of minutes there was zero visibility. They said it was the most surreal experience they have seen — almost like from a movie. Confusion, questions and concerns began.

Transportation at a stand-still
Due to zero visibility, bus operators did not want to drive. They raised questions such as, “This is my commercial driver’s license, my livelihood — is the district going to be responsible if I get in an accident, ticketed or hurt someone?” And, “Can I refuse to drive without getting into trouble?” All are valid and very important questions.  

The dispatcher contacted me at 6 a.m. and explained the situation with the smoke and fog. I advised the dispatcher to have the bus operators decrease their speed, proceed with caution and ensure their strobe lights were activated. Dispatch had already advised the bus operators of this, and they were still hesitant about driving. I was told, “You need to be here to understand; it’s like nothing I have ever seen.”

I assessed the situation: You have students waiting for their school bus on the side of the road, and you have buses you can’t move out of the compound due to zero visibility. But if I can just get them down the road, visibility should get better.

Responding as a team
The call was made to have the technicians from the garage convoy all buses traveling south out of the terminal together, and the lead driver trainer in another county vehicle would convoy all school buses traveling west out of the terminal together. The idea was to keep the school buses together until they could get down the road for better visibility, as the super-fog only affected certain areas. Operators and attendants had to feel their way through the compound to their school buses, as you could not even see your hand in front of your face. Once everyone was prepared to leave together, the convoy took place and I was en route to the compound.

We encountered medical conditions with our employees from the smoke. One operator with an asthmatic condition had to leave because she became ill. One attendant left the terminal after the morning shift and had to go to a hospital for a breathing treatment.  We were limited on face masks to provide to our employees, but those we knew who have asthma were given a face mask for protection.

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Read more about: emergency planning, weather

I agree with anonymous. In a case like this, why wouldn't the school use their emergency phone call chain and just delay the start of school. Bad judgement call to put so many lives at risk.

Diane    |    Jul 24, 2012 05:38 AM

I was shocked to read this account. What poor judgement! Every transportation department everywhere should have procedures in place for such an occurrence. I cannot imagine sending school buses out on the road when you literally had to feel your way to the bus. How could you possibly condone putting employees at risk like this? I have asthma, and a simple mask would not do anything to protect me from such conditions. Frankly,I cannot believe Ms. Miller actually had the hutzpah to put this potential disaster in print, and I cannot really understand why School Bus Fleet would print it, either.

Anonymous    |    Jul 23, 2012 11:13 AM

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